Bli först att boken An Essay on Crimes and Punishments, Translated from the Italian; With a Commentary, Attributed to Mons. de Voltaire, Translated from the French..
Capital punishment was widely applied in ancient times; it can be found (c.1750 BC) in the Code of . From the fall of Rome to the beginnings of the modern era, capital punishment was practiced throughout Western Europe. The modern movement for the abolition of capital punishment began in the 18th cent. with the writings of and , as well as Cesare 's Essay on Crimes and Punishments (1764). In Great Britain, Jeremy was influential in having the number of capital crimes reduced in the 18th and 19th cent. Some of the first countries to abolish capital punishment included Venezuela (1863), San Marino (1865), and Costa Rica (1877).
Cesare Beccaria: Essay on Crimes and Punishments