the words or letter,” id.; see also Essays of Brutus No.

In The Anti-Federalist Writings of the Melancton Smith Circle, editors Michael P. Zuckert and Derek A. Webb collect some of the most sophisticated and theoretically rich essays, speeches, letters, notes, and pamphlets by the Constitution’s opponents during the debate over its ratification. The volume reproduces in full everything the editors could find authored by Melancton Smith, including his speeches at the New York Ratifying Convention in 1788, as well as the Letters from the Federal Farmer and the Essays of Brutus.

The Essays of Brutus “appeared in the New York Journal between Oc- tober 1787 and ..

Though narrower than other collections of Anti-Federalist material, what the editors have selected is not random; indeed, it is the volume’s main innovation. Scholarly consensus has generally attributed the Federal Farmer letters to Richard Henry Lee of Virginia, and the Essays of Brutus to Robert Yates of New York. “Serious scholars,” whom the editors endorse, “have proposed Smith as the author of the Federal Farmer; others, equally serious and equally worthy of endorsement, have argued that Smith was Brutus. The problem is that the same man does not appear to be the author of both sets of essays” (p. xiii). Because Smith would appear to be the most likely authorial candidate for each set of anonymous writings, but …


Essays of Brutus I, New York Journal (18 October 1787), in H

The Essays of Brutus were not reprinted in their entirety until ..